Writing Summaries: Frederick Douglasâ€™ â€œEscape from Slaveryâ€
Summary is a natural place to start any writing activity that involves reading other texts. Summary is often used as a pre-writing step to clarify the authorâ€™s actual message and purpose. Often this involves active reading, highlighting passages, annotating in the margins, and rereading. Itâ€™s very difficult to use someone elseâ€™s words and ideas when you arenâ€™t certain what is really going on in the text.
For this assignment, you are asked to compose an effective summary of the Frederick Douglas â€œEscape from Slaveryâ€ essay. To help you compose an effective summary, please review the linked document How to Write a Summary.
Concepts to keep in mind when writing a successful summary:
Summary definition: a summary provides a concisely expressed explanation of the selection’s content: what the author’s main points are, what particular methods the author uses, etc. Your focus in summary writing is always on the primary and main supporting points rather than on the details of the text.
The text is objective: this means you should not editorialize or evaluate the text by either reading between the lines or judging the article as â€œmasterfulâ€ or â€œinsulting,â€ etc.
The text is in third person: For a brief summary like this there are no reasons for any â€œIâ€ statements like â€œI think sheâ€™s sayingâ€¦â€ or â€œI believeâ€¦,â€ etc.
The author is the subject in most, if not all, sentences. Remember, it is people who write, not articles, so avoid phrases such as â€œThe article is sayingâ€¦â€ Instead, start most sentences with subject/verb like this: â€œHeywood arguesâ€¦,â€ â€œThe author claimsâ€¦,â€ â€œShe supports her assertion withâ€¦,â€ etc.
The summary is a minimum of 10 sentences long (maximum length is two pages) not counting the required title and reference pages.
You have maintained objectivity and refrained from passing judgment.
The author is included throughout the summary.
The first sentence includes the title of the article and the authorâ€™s name.
The text has been proofread for coherence, readability, and grammar errors.
Your paper, including direct quotes, must be formatted according to APA Requirements.
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