Reply week 4 research
1- Alberto alfonso
Peer-reviewed scholarly articles are regarded as an important instrument to expand the knowledge of researchers and inform scientists about the recent events. It is stated that the quality of articles is the important factor to evaluate knowledge generation at the global level (Ahmadi, & Soori, 2015). The research methodology incudes such aspects as study design, sampling, data collection, and analysis. Study design usually detects what kind of data is to be collected, which groups are selected for data collection, and when this event will take place for each group. The analyzed article is identified as qualitative research based on collecting such data as nursing self-reports of psychosocial interventions. The selected group of participants is registered nurse practitioners who work with the families of the patients with chronic kidney disease. The analysis was made with the help of hermeneutic inquiry to study this type of nursing practice in the recent years.
Alia et al. (2011) established that the application of systemic corticosteroids who depend on mechanical ventilation to manage COPD exacerbations improves the efficacy of noninvasive mechanical ventilation and minimizes the time that patients use mechanical ventilation. Abroug et al. (2014) noted that corticosteroids use when dealing with COPD patients with severe exacerbations who rely on ventilator support fails to realize any significant benefit, including minimizing noninvasive ventilation failure. Instead, corticosteroids trigger more hyperglycemic episodes. Leuppi et al. (2013) noted that there is no clinical inferiority in the short-term therapy when compared to the conventional therapy. Kiser, Allen, Valuck, Moss, and Vandivier (2014) confirmed that treatment in the first 48 hours involved the use of high corticosteroid doses and corticosteroid doses above 240mg/day did not benefit COPD patients relative to low doses.
The article in question is an experimental article that is designed to answer the question of the efficacy of aerosol measles vaccination exposure time compared to subcutaneous injections on 9 month old infants (Wong-Chew, García-León, Torrija, Hernández-Pérez, Cardiel-Marmolejo, Beeler, Santos-Preciado, 2011). The standard practice in aerosol measles vaccination is to expose the child to the aerosol for 30 seconds to properly administer the vaccination (Wong-Chew, et al., 2011). This is known to be very effective for children of 12 months or older but the same treatment has a poor efficacy on 9 month old infants. The experiment conducted to determine if a longer exposure time for 9 moth old infants would improve immunological response, aerosol exposure time was increased to 2.5 minutes for 9 month old infants. The conclusions made by the experiment showed that by increasing exposure time to the aerosol vaccine elicited comparable results to those of who received the vaccination by subcutaneous (Wong-Chew, et al., 2011)