PSYC 304 Week 8 Final Exam Answers
PSYC304 Perception
Final Exam (Week 8)
Question 1 of 54 1.0 PointsWhat depth cue could be classified as a binocular cue and an oculomotor cue?
A.accomodationB.accretionC.stereopsisD.convergence
Question 2 of 54 1.0 PointsOf the oculomotor depth cues, convergence is __________ than accommodation.
A.less-effectiveB.more effectiveC.equally effectiveD.less automatic
Question 3 of 54 1.0 PointsThe imaginary place in which all objects project to corresponding points in the left and right retina is
A.thehoropterB.univariance planeC.constancy arcD.Air Force One
Question 4 of 54 1.0 PointsThe depth cue of ___________ is most important in the Ponzo (railroad track) illusion.
A.perspective convergenceB.accommodationC.stereopsisD.motion parallax
Answer Key: AQuestion 5 of 54 1.0 PointsAccording to Gregory’s misapplied size constancy scaling hypothesis, we perceive the “arrows pointing out” version of the Muller-Lyer illusion as
A.longer, because it is perceived as being further awayB.longer because it is perceived as being closerC.shorter, because it is perceived as further awayD.shorter, because it is perceived as being closer
Question 6 of 54 1.0 PointsA major assumption of the apparent-distance theory of the moon illusion is that they sky overhead
A.appears to be further away than the horizon because of the lack of the depth cue of atmospheric perspectiveB.appears to be further away than the horizon because of the depth cue of stereopsisC.appears to be closer than the horizon because of the lack of depth cuesD.appears to be closer than the horizon because of the depth cue of accommodation
Question 7 of 54 1.0 PointsInfants tend to look more at objects that
A.are uniformly grayB.are uniformly blackC.are uniformly whiteD.have contours
Question 8 of 54 1.0 PointsOne potential limitation of the preferential looking technique is
A.it cannot be used with grating stimuliB.it cannot be used to test the acuity of infants younger than four months oldC.an infant may perceive a difference between two stimuli, but would look at each stimulus equallyD.all of these
Question 9 of 54 1.0 PointsContrast senstivity functions are a plot of contrast sensitivity as a function of
A.spatial frequencyB.amplitudeC.pitchD.wavelength
Question 10 of 54 1.0 PointsFox et al. (1980) found that the ability to use binocular disparity develops between
A.1 to 2 monthsB.2 to 3 monthsC.3 1/2 to 6 monthsD.10 to 11 months
Answer Key: CQuestion 11 of 54 1.0 PointsThe ability to use binocular disparity as a depth cue
A.develops after using overlap as a depth cueB.occurs before binocular fixation developsC.develops after using familiar size as a depth cueD.can be tested using random dot stereograms
Question 12 of 54 1.0 PointsThe ability to make visual discriminations between cats and dogs
A.can be done by infants as young as three to four months oldB.can only be accomplished after language developsC.can only be accomplished if films of the animals, not photos, are usedD.develops after six months, but before language develops
Question 13 of 54 1.0 PointsTurati et al. (2002) showed that infants prefer stimuli that
A.have more elements in the bottom-halfB.have more elements in the top-halfC.have symmetrical elements in the top and bottom halfD.have a more “face-like” display
Question 14 of 54 1.0 PointsThe ability to perceive a rod as being continuous behind an occluding block
A.is innateB.is common in one-week old infantsC.can be accomplished by two-month-oldsD.occurs only after sharp acuity is developed
Question 15 of 54 1.0 PointsAcuity develops to almost 20/20 vision by the time the infant is
A.one month oldB.two months oldC.six months oldD.more than one year old
Question 16 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following is phenomological support for the “opponent-process theory” of color vision?
A.color afterimagesB.visualizing color combinationsC.simultaneous color contrastD.all of these
Question 17 of 54 1.0 PointsHoneybees have a cone pigment that maximally absorbs wavelengths of ___ mm.
A.335B.710C.900D.None of the above
Question 18 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following does not need an outer or middle ear to hear effectively?
A.dogsB.catsC.fishD.All of these need outer and middle ears
Question 19 of 54 1.0 PointsThe range of human hearing is between ____ HZ.
A.10 and 200B.10 and 2000C.20 and 20,000D.20 and 50,000
Question 20 of 54 1.0 PointsThe motion of the organ of Corti causes the hair cells to bend because the hair cells are embedded in the
A.tectorial membraneB.scalavestibuliC.scala tympaniD.cochlear partition
Question 21 of 54 1.0 PointsHearing loss that occurs as a function of age is called
A.presbyopiaB.presbycusisC.aural ataxiaD.anosmia
Question 22 of 54 1.0 PointsSound that reaches the ears after bouncing off a wall or a floor is called
A.direct soundB.indirect soundC.virtual soundD.harmonics
Question 23 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following factors needs to be considered in architectural acoustics?
A.intimacy timeB.spaciousness factorC.bass rationD.all of the above
Question 24 of 54 1.0 PointsThe _______ is the shortest segment of speech that, if changed, changes the meaning of the word.
A.formantsB.phonemesC.tadomasD.morphemes
Question 25 of 54 1.0 PointsIf a listener is asked to pay attention to speech provided by familiar voices, the ______ is activated, as shown by fMRI studies.
A.FFAB.STSC.both the FFA and STSD.none of the above
Question 26 of 54 1.0 PointsThe discovery of ______ is used as support for the motor theory of speech perception.
A.Broca’s areaB.Wernicke’s areaC.audiovisual mirror neuronsD.simple cells in area VI
Question 27 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following is not a mechanoreceptor?
A.Pacinian corpuscleB.Ruffini cylindersC.Merkel receptorsD.Chancellor cells
Question 28 of 54 1.0 PointsThe area on S1 associated with the thumb is as large as the area for the forearm. This is an example of
A.sensory substitutionB.Braille projectionC.cortical magnificationD.the analgesic inversion principle
Question 29 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following is an “exploratory procedure” identified by Lederman and Klatzky?
A.enclosureB.pressureC.contour followingD.all of the above
Question 30 of 54 1.0 PointsIn most of our daily experience, we are using
A.passive touchB.active touchC.two-point touchD.two-hand touch
Question 31 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following body parts has the lowest two point threshold?
A.fingertipsB.palmsC.foreheadD.upper arm
Question 32 of 54 1.0 PointsEndorphins are
A.morphine-like substances found in the bodyB.receptors that are stimulated by extreme temperature on the skinC.the active agent in placebosD.have no analgesic effects
Question 33 of 54 1.0 PointsThere are _____ different types of olfactory receptors in humans.
A.4B.20C.appx. 350D.appx. 10,000
Question 34 of 54 1.0 PointsThe human sensitivity for the odorant found in natural gas is ______ the odorant for the main substance in nail polish remover.
A.greater thanB.less thanC.the same asD.not consistently different
Question 35 of 54 1.0 PointsMacrosmatic species will use olfaction for
A.marking territoryB.sexual reproductionC.a guide for food sourcesD.all of these
Question 36 of 54 1.0 PointsThe senses of __________ are referred to as the gatekeepers.
A.olfaction and gustationB.kinethesis and proprioceptionC.vision and olfactionD.vision and proprioception
Question 37 of 54 1.0 Points_____ is the inability to smell due to injury or infection.
A.AphasiaB.AnosmiaC.AlliesthesiaD.Prosopagnosia
Question 38 of 54 1.0 PointsThe ________ papillae are mushroom-shaped and found on the tip and sides of the tongue.
A.filiformB.fungiformC.foliateD.circumvillate
Question 39 of 54 1.0 Points“Across-fiber patterns” is another name for
A.distributed codingB.specificity codingC.olfactory decodingD.common coding
Question 40 of 54 1.0 PointsThe tiny bumps on the tongue that contain the taste buds are the
A.insulaeB.latticesC.papillaeD.tadomae
Question 41 of 54 1.0 PointsFlavor is the impression a person gets from
A.taste onlyB.the combination of olfaction and kinesthesisC.the combination of olfaction and tasteD.the combination of olfaction, taste, and vision
Question 42 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following tastes do newborns NOT react to?
A.bitterB.sweetC.sourD.salty
Question 43 of 54 1.0 PointsContrast sensitivity functions are a plot of contrast sensitivity as a function of
A.spatial frequencyB.amplitudeC.pitchD.wavelength
Question 44 of 54 1.0 PointsFox et al. (1980) found that the ability to use binocular disparity develops between
A.1 to 2 monthsB.2 to 3 monthsC.3 1/2 to 6 monthsD.10 to 11 months
Question 45 of 54 1.0 PointsInfants tend to look more at objects that are
A.uniformly grayB.uniformly blackC.uniformly whiteD.have contours
Question 46 of 54 1.0 PointsWhich of the following compounds had the same flavor whether or not the person’s nose was clamped to prevent olfaction?
A.sodiumoleateB.ferrous sodiumC.MSGD.all of these are all affected by clamping the nostrils
Question 47 of 54 1.0 PointsThe orbital frontal cortex receives input from the
A.visual pathwaysB.primary somatosensory cortexC.primary cortical areas for taste and olfactionD.all of these
Question 48 of 54 1.0 PointsWhen presented with an odor like banana or motor oil, participants can identify the odor approximately ____ % of the time.
A.10B.50C.87D.98
Question 49 of 54 2.0 PointsWhich factor is important for a five-month-old to perceive occlusion?
Question 50 of 54 10.0 PointsExplain with examples the differnces between additive color mixture and subtractive color mixture.
Question 51 of 54 10.0 Pointsa) Briefly describe the major principle of Bekesy’s place theory of hearing. b) Describe two types of evidence that support Bekesy’s theory.
Question 52 of 54 10.0 PointsDefine visual capture and give examples of this concept.
.
Question 53 of 54 10.0 PointsWhat is the McGurk effect? What evidence exists for the physiological basis for this effect?

 

"Are you looking for this answer? We can Help click Order Now"