President Kennedy enacted a majorchange to our health care state by deinstitutionalizing those withmental illness. However, those with mental health care issues mustnavigate a complex system of care. There are a few effective models ofintegrated care (such as the ACT). “Design” a system, intervention, or preventative endeavor that meetsthe spirit of a community psychology system or program and better meetsthe needs of our citizens with mental health problems. Submit a paper onthe designed health care system (or intervention or preventionendeavor). In the paper, address which principles of CommunityPsychology (refer back to Ch. 1) are incorporated into this program.More specifically, please address the following points in your paper:Explain the current mental health system (2 points)Design and describe a better system that will address the needs of those with mental health care concerns (make sure that I can understand what you are proposing by being specific) (4 points)Describe which Principle(s) of Community Psychology (CP; from Ch. 1) are represented in your program or system, and specifically comment on how and why your program meets the spirit of a CP program (4 points)2Fifth EditionCOMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGYJohn MoritsuguPacific Lutheran UniversityElizabeth VeraLoyola University ChicagoFrank Y. WongEmory UniversityKaren Grover DuffyState University of New York, Geneseo3First published 2014, 2010, 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.Published 2016 by Routledge2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN711 Third Avenue, New York, NY, 10017, USARoutledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa businessCopyright © 2014, 2010, 2003 Taylor & Francis. All rights reservedAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic,mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in anyinformation storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.Notice:Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification andexplanation without intent to infringe.Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appearon appropriate page within text.ISBN: 9780205255627 (pbk)Cover Designer: Karen NoferiLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataDuffy, Karen Grover.Community psychology.—Fifth edition / John Moritsugu, Pacific Lutheran University, Elizabeth Vera, LoyolaUniversity Chicago, Frank Y. Wong, Emory University, Karen Grover Duffy, State University of New York, Geneseo.pages cmRevision of: Community psychology / John Moritsugu, Frank Y. Wong, Karen Grover Duffy.—4th ed.—Boston :Allyn & Bacon, ©2010.ISBN-13: 978-0-205-25562-7ISBN-10: 0-205-25562-01. Community psychology. I. Moritsugu, John. II. Vera, Elizabeth, 1967– III. Wong, Frank Y., 1958– IV. Title.RA790.55.D84 2013 362.2—dc2320130084044Part IChapter 1Chapter 2CONTENTSIntroductory ConceptsINTRODUCTION: HISTORICAL BACKGROUNDHistorical BackgroundSocial MovementsSwampscottWhat Is Community Psychology?Fundamental PrinciplesA Respect for DiversityThe Importance of Context and EnvironmentEmpowermentThe Ecological Perspective/Multiple Levels of Intervention CASE IN POINT 1.1 Clinical Psychology, Community Psychology: What’s the Difference?Other Central ConceptsPrevention Rather than Therapy CASE IN POINT 1.2 Does Primary Prevention Work?Social JusticeEmphasis on Strengths and CompetenciesSocial Change and Action ResearchInterdisciplinary Perspectives CASE IN POINT 1.3 Social Psychology, Community Psychology, and Homelessness CASE IN POINT 1.4 The Importance of PlaceA Psychological Sense of CommunityTraining in Community PsychologyPlan of the TextSummarySCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS5Chapter 3The Essence of Scientific ResearchWhy Do Scientific Research?What Is Scientific Research?The Fidelity of Scientific Research CASE IN POINT 2.1 A Theory of Substance Abuse and HIV/STDs that Incorporates the Principles of Community PsychologyTraditional Scientific Research MethodsPopulation and SamplingCorrelational Research■ BOX 2.1 Research across TimeExperimental ResearchQuasi-experimental ResearchAlternative Research Methods Used in Community PsychologyEthnography CASE IN POINT 2.2 Case Study of a Consumer-Run AgencyGeographic Information SystemsEpidemiologyNeeds Assessment and Program Evaluation CASE IN POINT 2.3 Needs Assessment of a Hmong CommunityParticipatory Action ResearchCautions and Considerations Regarding Community ResearchThe Politics of Science and the Science of PoliticsEthics: Cultural Relativism or Universal Human Rights?The Continuum of Research: The Value of Multiple Measures CASE IN POINT 2.4 HIV Intervention Testing and the Use of PlacebosThe Importance of Cultural SensitivityCommunity Researchers as ConsultantsSummarySTRESS AND RESILIENCEThe Stress Model and the Definition of Community PsychologyStress6Part IIChapter 4Stressor EventsStress as a ProcessStress Reaction CASE IN POINT 3.1 Contemporary RacismCopingSocial Support CASE IN POINT 3.2 Mexican American College Student Acculturation Stress, Social Support, and CopingResilienceAt-Risk to ResilientThe Kauai Longitudinal StudiesA Useful ModelThe Fourth WaveSummarySocial Change and InterventionTHE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL CHANGEReasons for Social ChangeDiverse PopulationsSocial Justice: A Moral Imperative for Social ChangeThe Perception of Declining or Scarce Resources CASE IN POINT 4.1 Funding Dilemmas for Nonprofit OrganizationsAccountabilityKnowledge-Based and Technological ChangeCommunity ConflictDissatisfaction with Traditional ServicesDesire for Diversity of Solutions CASE IN POINT 4.2 Community Conflict: Adversity Turns to OpportunityTypes of Social ChangeSpontaneous or Unplanned Social ChangePlanned Social Change7Chapter 5 CASE IN POINT 4.3 Working with an Indigenous People Experiencing ChangeIssues Related to Planned ChangeDifficulties Bringing About ChangeSummaryCOMMUNITY INTERVENTION STRATEGIESCreating Planned ChangeCitizen Participation CASE IN POINT 5.1 The Community Development SocietyCommunity Participation and PreventionWho Participates?Advantages and Disadvantages of Citizen ParticipationNetworking/Collaboration CASE IN POINT 5.2 Online Networks for Ethnic Minority IssuesIssues Related to NetworksAdvantages and Disadvantages of NetworksConsultationIssues Related to ConsultantsAdvantages and Disadvantages of ConsultantsCommunity Education and Information DisseminationInformation DisseminationCommunity EducationIssues Related to Information DisseminationIssues Related to Community Education CASE IN POINT 5.3 The Choices ProgramPublic Policy CASE IN POINT 5.4 Rape Crisis Centers: A National ExaminationIssues Related to the Use of Public PolicyAdvantages and Disadvantages of Public Policy ChangesA Skill Set for PracticeSummary8Part IIIChapter 6Chapter 7Community Psychology Applied to Various SettingsTHE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEMEpidemiological Estimates of Mental IllnessModels of Mental Health and Mental DisorderThe Medical ModelThe Psychoanalytic ModelThe Behavioral Model: The Social-Learning ApproachThe Humanistic Model CASE IN POINT 6.1 Mental Health Care ProfessionalsThe Evolution of the Mental Health SystemBrief History of Mental Health Care CASE IN POINT 6.2 Rosenhan’s Classic Study of Hospital Patients’ StigmatizationDeinstitutionalizationThe Social Context to DeinstitutionalizationEarly Alternatives to InstitutionalizationMeasuring “Success” of Deinstitutionalized PersonsBeyond Deinstitutionalization“Model” Programs for Individuals with Mental DisordersIntensive Case ManagementWraparound CASE IN POINT 6.3 Wraparound MilwaukeeEarly Childhood Experiences and PreventionThe Battle Continues: Where Do We Go from Here?SummarySOCIAL AND HUMAN SERVICES IN THE COMMUNITYHistorical Notes about Social Welfare in Western Society CASE IN POINT 7.1 Poverty in America CASE IN POINT 7.2 The Grameen BankSpecific Social Issues and Social ServicesChild Maltreatment9Chapter 8Chapter 9Intimate Partner ViolenceTeen PregnancyThe ElderlyHomelessness CASE IN POINT 7.3 How Do Cultures Differ on the Issue of Homelessness?SummarySCHOOLS, CHILDREN, AND THE COMMUNITYThe Early Childhood EnvironmentChild CareEnrichment Education and Early InterventionSelf-Care ChildrenThe Public SchoolsDesegregation, Ethnicity, and Prejudice in the SchoolsThe Schools and Adolescents CASE IN POINT 8.1 Dual-Language Immersion Programs CASE IN POINT 8.2 Children of DivorceSummaryLAW, CRIME, AND THE COMMUNITYThe Traditional Justice SystemIntroductionCrime and Criminals Do you need a similar assignment done for you from scratch? 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