Take Test: Chapter 7 Homework

Take Test: Chapter 7 Homework
Question 1
    The theory that there are seven distinct mental abilities was proposed by ________.               Sternberg               Thurstone               Spearman               Goleman
0.5 points Question 2
    Clayton is looking for a house to buy. As he looks at different houses, he weighs the different features that each house offers. For instance, while he prefers a brick house, he saw a wooden house that had a better floor plan, a reasonable price, and was in a good school district. Clayton decides that the wooden house is a better buy despite not being made of brick. His decision-making style involved the use of a ________.               means-end analysis               noncompensatory model               compensatory model               functional mind set
0.5 points Question 3
    Failing to see that a wrench can also be used to hammer a nail is an example of ________.               functional fixedness               reproductive thinking               positive transfer               learned helplessness
0.5 points Question 4
    The type of knowledge that allows a specialist to work efficiently on a problem without the elaborate preparation that a new problem would require of a beginner is ________.               intuition               insight               problem set               expertise
0.5 points Question 5
    Higher grades and intelligence test scores predict ________.               performance on the job but not occupational success               occupational success, but not performance on the job               occupational success and performance on the job               neither occupational success nor performance on the job
0.5 points Question 6
    Jane has severe motor coordination deficits, and problems in performing daily tasks needed to function independently. Which of the following is also necessary to classify her as mentally retarded?               evidence of chromosomal abnormality               an IQ score of about or below               manifestation of violent behavior and withdrawal               proof that she does not have phenylketonuria
0.5 points Question 7
    Which of the following is not one of the types of mental abilities measured by the current version of the Stanford-Binet test?               quantitative reasoning               verbal reasoning               long-term memory               abstract/visual reasoning
0.5 points Question 8
    A problem-solving strategy in which an individual or a group produces numerous ideas and evaluates them only after all ideas have been collected is called ________.               critiquing               brainstorming               functional analysis               convergent thinking
0.5 points Question 9
    Which of the following experimental results best refutes the linguistic relativity hypothesis?               Members of a primitive tribe who were asked to perform a task using top-down processing completed it more quickly than those using bottom-up processing.               Members of a primitive tribe whose language has no words for colors could still think about a wide variety of colors.               People who had to rotate a consonant 90 degrees to compare it to a prototype recognized it more quickly than people who had to rotate it 180 degrees.               People retrieved the word “brown” faster than “muddy brown.”
0.5 points Question 10
    When test results are in agreement with some other direct and independent measure of that which the test is designed to predict, the test exhibits ________.               alternate-form reliability               criterion-related validity               content validity               test-retest reliability
0.5 points Question 11
    Which of the following is a true statement?               Nothing can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.               Little can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.               The effects of biological mental retardation can be eliminated through education and training.               The effects of biological mental retardation can be reduced through education and training.
0.5 points Question 12
    About one person in ________ is afflicted with PKU.               2,500               25,000               250,000               250
0.5 points Question 13
    The first intelligence test was designed by ________.               Binet and Terman               Binet and Simon               Stanford and Terman               Stanford and Binet
0.5 points Question 14
    In a recent study that required men and women to respond to gender-neutral and gender- specific pronouns, ________ responded more quickly to stimuli that contained traditional gender stereotypes than to stimuli that contained nontraditional stereotypes.               men, but not women               women, but not men               both women and men               neither men nor women


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