Please copy and paste in a word fill and highlight the answers to the following 50 questions.
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Question 1 of 50
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According to the social contract, what is the source of governmentâ€s legitimacy?
 A.governmentâ€s authority over its subjects 
 B.the divine right of kings 
 C.the governmentâ€s control of all property 
 D.citizen consent 
 E.the Catholic Church 
Question 2 of 50
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What form of government did James Madison promote for the United States and why?
 A.a republic, because it was feasible and because it would provide protection against the passions of the public 
 B.a direct democracy, because he felt that people lacked enough power when America was just a British colony 
 C.a direct democracy, because he felt that with only thirteen states and voting solely allowed for property owners, direct democracy was feasible in the United States 
 D.a social democracy, because it rejected viewing property as an inalienable right 
 E.a communist democracy, because most eighteenth-century intellectuals admired Karl Marx 
Question 3 of 50
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All of the following were true of the government under the Articles of Confederation except
 A.larger states had more votes in the national legislature. 
 B.there was no national judicial branch. 
 C.the national government could not levy taxes. 
 D.the national government could not regulate commerce. 
 E.amendments required the support of all thirteen states. 
Question 4 of 50
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Shays†Rebellion was
 A.the slave rebellion in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. 
 B.the first uprising of colonists against the British. 
 C.a grassroots uprising by armed Massachusetts farmers protesting foreclosures. 
 D.the first of the Indian uprisings during the Revolutionary War. 
 E.the uprising of the Spanish against the English colonists. 
Question 5 of 50
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Federalism is defined as a political system in which
 A.power is divided among legislative, executive, and judicial powers. 
 B.the most power is given to the central government. 
 C.power is divided between the central and regional governments. 
 D.the most power is given to the state governments. 
 E.the president retains more power than Congress. 
Question 6 of 50
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In 2012, the five smallest states held roughly 0.5 percent of the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and 10 percent of the seats in the U.S. Senate. These differing levels of representation of the five smallest states were the result of which decision during the Constitutional Convention?
 A.the New Jersey Plan 
 B.the Virginia Plan 
 C.the Three-Fifths Compromise 
 D.the Great Compromise 
 E.the Separation of Powers 
Question 7 of 50
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The question of counting slaves for the purposes of representation was ultimately resolved by counting:
 A.slaves just as non-slaves for purposes of representation 
 B.every five slaves as three people for purposes of representation 
 C.every four slaves as three people for purposes of representation 
 D.every two slaves as one person for purposes of representation 
 E.every slave as one person for the allocation of block grants but prohibiting voting by slaves 
Question 8 of 50
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The constitutional safeguard that places legislative, executive, and judicial powers in different hands is called
 A.separation of powers. 
 B.checks and balances. 
 C.federalism. 
 D.bicameralism. 
 E.fusion of powers. 
Question 9 of 50
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The principle that allows each of the branches of government to police the others is
 A.separation of powers. 
 B.checks and balances. 
 C.republicanism. 
 D.fusion of powers. 
 E.federalism. 
Question 10 of 50
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In the Constitution, civil rights issues arise under the clause.
 A.supremacy 
 B.due process 
 C.equal protection 
 D.necessary and proper 
 E.interstate commerce 
Question 11 of 50
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A major argument in favor of reducing the separation of powers called for in the U.S. Constitution is that it would
 A.allow prompt, decisive leadership in times of crisis. 
 B.weaken the presidency and give greater protection against executive dictatorship. 
 C.disperse credit or blame equally among the three branches of government. 
 D.apportion responsibility for implementing government programs among members of Congress. 
 E.create a truly independent judiciary. 
Question 12 of 50
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Which of the following is not a category of claim arising under the establishment clause?
 A.government sponsorship of religious symbols or doctrines 
 B.government financial aid to religious institutions 
 C.neutral laws of general applicability adversely affecting religion 
 D.excessive accommodation of religion by government 
 E.neither c nor d 
Question 13 of 50
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The establishment clause guarantees
 A.that government will not create and support an official state church. 
 B.that all citizens may freely engage in religious activities of their choice. 
 C.the right to set up a church whenever a religious group so desires. 
 D.that American government is based on Judeo-Christian values. 
 E.that all churches shall have tax-exempt status. 
Question 14 of 50
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The Lemon test established that
 A.there shall be no excessive entanglement of government and religion. 
 B.if there is prayer or Bible readings in schools, then students who do not wish to participate must be excused. 
 C.no state can establish an official religion. 
 D.states may prohibit religious activities that present a clear and present danger. 
 E.citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice. 
Question 15 of 50
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Writing for the Supreme Court, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. proclaimed that the Congress could punish dangerous speech when that speech
 A.represented a “clear and present danger” to the United States. 
 B.incited citizens to commit a lawless action. 
 C.was false. 
 D.Options a, b, c, and d are true. 
 E.None of the above is true. 
Question 16 of 50
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The exclusionary rule is the Supreme Court rule that states that
 A.evidence not related to a crime must be excluded from a personâ€s trial. 
 B.a defendantâ€s religious activities must be excluded from evidence. 
 C.special regulations promulgated by the president to keep foreign aliens from entering. 
 D.a defendantâ€s previous record cannot be raised in a trial. 
 E.illegally seized evidence cannot be used to obtain a conviction. 
Question 17 of 50
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Miranda v. Arizona held that
 A.all confessions must be made in the presence of a lawyer. 
 B.police have to advise people of their constitutional rights prior to questioning. 
 C.police can no longer use confessions as a basis for arresting a person. 
 D.confessions will be judged by the “totality of circumstances” rule. 
 E.confessions obtained beyond U.S. borders cannot be used as evidence in U.S. courts. 
Question 18 of 50
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The difference between civil rights and civil liberties is
 A.that civil rights involve government action to secure rights of citizenship while civil liberties involve individual freedoms that limit the power of government. 
 B.that civil rights involve freedoms while civil liberties involve voting. 
 C.that civil rights involve speech, press, and religious freedom while civil liberties involve voting. 
 D.inconsequential, because the terms are used interchangeably in the United States. 
 E.that civil rights limit the power of government while civil liberties expand the power of government. 
Question 19 of 50
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When Clarence Brandenburg vacated the street at a Ku Klux Klan cross-burning rally as ordered but threatened to reoccupy it later, the Supreme Court overturned his conviction by arguing that government can only restrict speech when it
 A.presents a clear and present danger. 
 B.incites an “imminent” lawless action. 
 C.is against the ruling political party. 
 D.is against the president. 
 E.is against law enforcement officers. 
Question 20 of 50
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Burning the American flag is an example of
 A.action, not speech. 
 B.illegal speech. 
 C.premeditated speech. 
 D.libel. 
 E.symbolic speech. 
Question 21 of 50
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The Supreme Courtâ€s current definition of obscenity denies free-speech protection to materials or activities that
 A.depict sexuality in a way that is degrading to its subjects. 
 B.promote violence against women or children. 
 C.lack serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value. 
 D.present a clear and present danger to community standards of decency. 
 E.do not appeal to the prurient interest. 
Question 22 of 50
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Which is an example of an unconstitutional search?
 A.Police searching a person when he or she is being arrested. 
 B.Police searching the room of a house where a person is being arrested. 
 C.A government workerâ€s files being searched for information pertaining to his or her job. 
 D.None of the above is true. 
 E.Options a, b, c, and d are true. 
Question 23 of 50
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In the Gideon v. Wainright ruling, the Supreme Court
 A.incorporated the Sixth Amendmentâ€s guarantee of the right to counsel. 
 B.declared the death penalty to be constitutional. 
 C.relaxed the provisions of the exclusionary rule. 
 D.declared that police do not need to obtain a warrant to search a car. 
 E.incorporated the exclusionary rule. 
Question 24 of 50
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The Supreme Court ruling in Griswold v. Connecticut is significant because it
 A.protected a poor personâ€s right to counsel 
 B.incorporated the exclusionary rule. 
 C.opened the door to for a variety of claims regarding the right to privacy. 
 D.created a new standard regarding the regulation of political speech. 
 E.changed precedent regarding searches and seizures. 
Question 25 of 50
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What is the definition of strict scrutiny?
 A.A heightened standard of review used by the Supreme Court to assess the constitutionality of laws that limit some freedoms or that make a suspect classification. 
 B.A standard of review used by the Court to evaluate laws that make a non-suspect classification. 
 C.A standard of review used by the Court to evaluate laws that make a quasi-suspect classification. 
 D.A policy of creating opportunities for members of certain groups as a substantive remedy for past discrimination. 
 E.The requirement of reading or comprehension skills as a qualification for voting. 
Question 26 of 50
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Laws in the post-Civil War South designed to restrict the social and economic autonomy of former slaves were called
 A.black codes. 
 B.Dred Scott laws. 
 C.fugitive slave laws. 
 D.Jim Crow laws. 
 E.Uncle Tom laws. 
Question 27 of 50
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All of the following are indicia of suspectness except
 A.political powerlessness. 
 B.history of purposeful discrimination. 
 C.immutable trait. 
 D.substantive evil. 
 E.grossly unfair. 
Question 28 of 50
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What is the definition of affirmative action?
 A.a policy of creating opportunities for members of certain groups as a substantive remedy for past discrimination 
 B.the practice and policy of separating races 
 C.discrimination arising from or supported by the law 
 D.a heightened standard of review used by the Supreme Court to assess the constitutionality of laws that limit some freedoms or that make a suspect classification 
 E.refusal to buy certain goods or services as a way to protest policy or force political reform 
Question 29 of 50
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When President George W. Bush established the Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives in 2001 to allow religious organizations to compete for federal grants to provide federally funded social services, he was likely relying on which interpretation of the establishment clause of the First Amendment, establishing the separation of church and state?
 A.The government is prohibited from establishing an official church or a state-sponsored religion. 
 B.The government may not take sides among competing religions but is not prohibited from supporting religious institutions. 
 C.There is a wall of separation between church and state that cannot be breached by government. 
 D.Each citizen has the right to believe and practice whatever religion he or she chooses. 
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